Given that a, b and c are natural numbers show that if sqrt a+sqrt b is rational then it is a natural number. Extend this to 3 variables.
If for any triangle ABC tan(A - B) + tan(B - C) + tan(C - A) = 0 what can you say about the triangle?
Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?
Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .
An article which gives an account of some properties of magic squares.
When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?
Can you use the diagram to prove the AM-GM inequality?
Generalise the sum of a GP by using derivatives to make the coefficients into powers of the natural numbers.
What is the value of the integers a and b where sqrt(8-4sqrt3) = sqrt a - sqrt b?
Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.
A collection of games on the NIM theme
Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The loser is the player who takes the last counter.
Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?
Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.
Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.
Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”
Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?
Can you tangle yourself up and reach any fraction?
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.
For which values of n is the Fibonacci number fn even? Which Fibonnaci numbers are divisible by 3?
What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =
Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?
It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...
A game for 2 players with similarities to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.
Generalise this inequality involving integrals.
Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?
Can you work out the irrational numbers that belong in the circles to make the multiplication arithmagon correct?
Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.
Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?
What's the largest volume of box you can make from a square of paper?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.
Make and prove a conjecture about the cyclic quadrilateral inscribed in a circle of radius r that has the maximum perimeter and the maximum area.
Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.
Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?
Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?
Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges of these multiplication arithmagons?
Charlie has moved between countries and the average income of both has increased. How can this be so?
Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?
Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges?
Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .
A game for 2 players
The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.
Take any two positive numbers. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric means. Repeat the calculations to generate a sequence of arithmetic means and geometric means. Make a note of what happens to the. . . .
Your data is a set of positive numbers. What is the maximum value that the standard deviation can take?
Equal touching circles have centres on a line. From a point of this line on a circle, a tangent is drawn to the farthest circle. Find the lengths of chords where the line cuts the other circles.
These gnomons appear to have more than a passing connection with the Fibonacci sequence. This problem ask you to investigate some of these connections.
Build gnomons that are related to the Fibonacci sequence and try to explain why this is possible.
The incircles of 3, 4, 5 and of 5, 12, 13 right angled triangles have radii 1 and 2 units respectively. What about triangles with an inradius of 3, 4 or 5 or ...?