### Polycircles

Show that for any triangle it is always possible to construct 3 touching circles with centres at the vertices. Is it possible to construct touching circles centred at the vertices of any polygon?

### Pick's Theorem

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

### Producing an Integer

Multiply a sequence of n terms together. Can you work out when this product is equal to an integer?

# A Little Light Thinking

##### Age 14 to 16Challenge Level

A Little Light Thinking printable worksheet

Can you figure out a method to make all four lights on the machine below switch on at once?

This problem follows on from Charlie's Delightful Machine, where you are invited to find efficient strategies for working out the rules controlling each light.

The rules for turning on the Level 1 lights are all given by linear sequences (like those found in Shifting Times Tables).

What is special about a Level 1 rule where all the 'light on' numbers

• are odd?
• are even?
• are a mixture of odd and even?
• are all multiples of 3? Or 4? Or...
• have a last digit of 7?

Can you make two Level 1 lights light up together?

Once you have made two Level 1 lights light up together, can you find another number that will light them both up? And another? And another? ...

Can you find any connections between the rules that light up each individual Level 1 light and the rule that lights up the pair?
What about trying to light up three lights at once? Or all four?

Sometimes it's impossible to switch a pair of Level 1 lights on simultaneously.
How can you decide whether it is possible to switch a pair of lights on simultaneously?
Or a set of three lights? Or all four?