What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

The incircles of 3, 4, 5 and of 5, 12, 13 right angled triangles have radii 1 and 2 units respectively. What about triangles with an inradius of 3, 4 or 5 or ...?

Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?

ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.

Beautiful mathematics. Two 18 year old students gave eight different proofs of one result then generalised it from the 3 by 1 case to the n by 1 case and proved the general result.

If a is the radius of the axle, b the radius of each ball-bearing, and c the radius of the hub, why does the number of ball bearings n determine the ratio c/a? Find a formula for c/a in terms of n.

Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .

Show that for any triangle it is always possible to construct 3 touching circles with centres at the vertices. Is it possible to construct touching circles centred at the vertices of any polygon?

If for any triangle ABC tan(A - B) + tan(B - C) + tan(C - A) = 0 what can you say about the triangle?

For which values of n is the Fibonacci number fn even? Which Fibonnaci numbers are divisible by 3?

Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.

What is the volume of the solid formed by rotating this right angled triangle about the hypotenuse?

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

What is the value of the integers a and b where sqrt(8-4sqrt3) = sqrt a - sqrt b?

Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?

Equal touching circles have centres on a line. From a point of this line on a circle, a tangent is drawn to the farthest circle. Find the lengths of chords where the line cuts the other circles.

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

What is the total number of squares that can be made on a 5 by 5 geoboard?

Make and prove a conjecture about the cyclic quadrilateral inscribed in a circle of radius r that has the maximum perimeter and the maximum area.

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges?

Generalise the sum of a GP by using derivatives to make the coefficients into powers of the natural numbers.

An account of some magic squares and their properties and and how to construct them for yourself.

Take any two positive numbers. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric means. Repeat the calculations to generate a sequence of arithmetic means and geometric means. Make a note of what happens to the. . . .

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

Given that a, b and c are natural numbers show that if sqrt a+sqrt b is rational then it is a natural number. Extend this to 3 variables.

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

This article by Alex Goodwin, age 18 of Madras College, St Andrews describes how to find the sum of 1 + 22 + 333 + 4444 + ... to n terms.

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Charlie has moved between countries and the average income of both has increased. How can this be so?

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.