This pattern of six circles contains three unit circles. Work out the radii of the other three circles and the relationship between them.
Three semi-circles have a common diameter, each touches the other two and two lie inside the biggest one. What is the radius of the circle that touches all three semi-circles?
An algebra task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.
To break down an algebraic fraction into partial fractions in which all the denominators are linear and all the numerators are constants you sometimes need complex numbers.
If a is the radius of the axle, b the radius of each ball-bearing, and c the radius of the hub, why does the number of ball bearings n determine the ratio c/a? Find a formula for c/a in terms of n.
Fancy learning a bit more about rates of reaction, but don't know where to look? Come inside and find out more...
In a snooker game the brown ball was on the lip of the pocket but it could not be hit directly as the black ball was in the way. How could it be potted by playing the white ball off a cushion?
Find all the triples of numbers a, b, c such that each one of them plus the product of the other two is always 2.
Given a set of points (x,y) with distinct x values, find a polynomial that goes through all of them, then prove some results about the existence and uniqueness of these polynomials.
Can you fit polynomials through these points?
Find all the solutions to the this equation.
The incircles of 3, 4, 5 and of 5, 12, 13 right angled triangles have radii 1 and 2 units respectively. What about triangles with an inradius of 3, 4 or 5 or ...?
A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the vertices?
Take a few whole numbers away from a triangle number. If you know the mean of the remaining numbers can you find the triangle number and which numbers were removed?
What functions can you make using the function machines RECIPROCAL and PRODUCT and the operator machines DIFF and INT?
Can you hit the target functions using a set of input functions and a little calculus and algebra?
Derive an equation which describes satellite dynamics.
Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?
For which values of n is the Fibonacci number fn even? Which Fibonnaci numbers are divisible by 3?
If x + y = -1 find the largest value of xy by coordinate geometry, by calculus and by algebra.
Prove that the product of the sum of n positive numbers with the sum of their reciprocals is not less than n^2.
A, B & C own a half, a third and a sixth of a coin collection. Each grab some coins, return some, then share equally what they had put back, finishing with their own share. How rich are they?
Show there are exactly 12 magic labellings of the Magic W using the numbers 1 to 9. Prove that for every labelling with a magic total T there is a corresponding labelling with a magic total 30-T.
Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.
Given any two polynomials in a single variable it is always possible to eliminate the variable and obtain a formula showing the relationship between the two polynomials. Try this one.
By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn
Attach weights of 1, 2, 4, and 8 units to the four attachment points on the bar. Move the bar from side to side until you find a balance point. Is it possible to predict that position?
Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?
A moveable screen slides along a mirrored corridor towards a centrally placed light source. A ray of light from that source is directed towards a wall of the corridor, which it strikes at 45 degrees. . . .
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.
Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?
A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?
Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?
Balance the bar with the three weight on the inside.
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
Can you prove that twice the sum of two squares always gives the sum of two squares?
A sequence of polynomials starts 0, 1 and each poly is given by combining the two polys in the sequence just before it. Investigate and prove results about the roots of the polys.
What is the value of the integers a and b where sqrt(8-4sqrt3) = sqrt a - sqrt b?
Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical example involving some clever algebra.
The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .
Label this plum tree graph to make it totally magic!
The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square. Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with this property. Generalise to four integers.
Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.
Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.
By proving these particular identities, prove the existence of general cases.
Five equations... five unknowns... can you solve the system?
Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .
Can you find the value of this function involving algebraic fractions for x=2000?
What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?