This problem involves making a connection between the pattern in a sequence of numbers and the algebra that expresses the general term.
You can right-click and save to get your own copy of each resource: Interactive Number Patterns 1 and Interactive Number Patterns 2
Open the spreadsheet called Interactive Number Patterns 1 and experiment with the control buttons. You should discover that the red and blue numbers in the boxes, and also the algebra, can be made to show or not show. You should also discover that the numbers and the algebra can be changed.
Adjust the view size if necessary using Zoom on the View drop-down menu.
Challenge One has three stages :
Hide the blue numbers in the boxes, change the algebra and the red numbers and check you can successfully predict the hidden blue values.
Next hide the red numbers instead and repeat the challenge. Explain to a friend how you manage this. You could even work in pairs to set challenges for each other.
Finally hide the algebra. Change it without showing it, then predict the formula. You have succeeded with this task when you can explain your method to someone else.
Predict the hidden blue
Predict the hidden red, explaining your method
Predict the hidden algebra, again explaining your method and especially why it works
And the "solutions" we would love to receive from you are your best ways of justifying this important method.
Even when we cannot immediately explain why a method is valid it is good to keep it in mind as something we very much want to know.