The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF.
Similarly the largest equilateral triangle which fits into a circle is LMN and PQR is an equilateral triangle with P and Q on the line LM and R on the circumference of the circle. Show that LM = 3PQ
Can you spot a cunning way to work out the missing length?
Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the
first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end
of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second wall.
At what height do the ladders cross?
A circle 'sits' on a right-angled triangle, touches two sides of the triangle and has its centre on the hypotenuse of the triangle. The circle has radius $r$ and the triangle has sides of length $x$ and $y$.