Here are three different ideas which can lead to proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem. Can you make sense of them? Which proof do you find most "convincing"? Which do you find easiest to understand? Which would you find easiest to explain to someone else?
Use your cutouts to prove Pythagoras' Theorem.
Move the slider to rotate a copy of the trapezium about the centre of the longest side of the blue triangle to make a square. What is the area of the square? From this formula for the area of this square derive a formula for the area of the trapezium. Now write down the area of the trapezium as the sum of the areas of the three right angled triangles. Use these results to give a proof of
Pythagoras' Theorem explaining each step.
Take any right-angled triangle and label its sides $a,b$ and $c$.
Enlarge it by scale factor $a$ to make the red triangle and by scale factor $b$ to make the blue triangle.
Join the two enlargements together as shown.
Show that the two joined enlargements form an enlargement of the original triangle by scale factor $c$, and use this to prove Pythagoras' Theorem.