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Golden Thoughts

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

At a Glance

The area of a regular pentagon looks about twice as a big as the pentangle star drawn within it. Is it?

Contact

A circular plate rolls in contact with the sides of a rectangular tray. How much of its circumference comes into contact with the sides of the tray when it rolls around one circuit?

One and Three

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Two motorboats are travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds and turning at each end without slowing down. They leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A and, for the second time, 400 metres from B.

How long is the lake (the distance from A to B) and what is the ratio of the speeds of the boats?