Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Find the five distinct digits N, R, I, C and H in the following nomogram

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

The squares of any 8 consecutive numbers can be arranged into two sets of four numbers with the same sum. True of false?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Write down a three-digit number Change the order of the digits to get a different number Find the difference between the two three digit numbers Follow the rest of the instructions then try. . . .

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Think of a number and follow my instructions. Tell me your answer, and I'll tell you what you started with! Can you explain how I know?

Surprising numerical patterns can be explained using algebra and diagrams...

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

There are unexpected discoveries to be made about square numbers...

Where should you start, if you want to finish back where you started?

Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?

What is special about the difference between squares of numbers adjacent to multiples of three?

The Number Jumbler can always work out your chosen symbol. Can you work out how?

Can you explain what is going on in these puzzling number tricks?

Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.

Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .

If you know the perimeter of a right angled triangle, what can you say about the area?

A job needs three men but in fact six people do it. When it is finished they are all paid the same. How much was paid in total, and much does each man get if the money is shared as Fred suggests?

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

32 x 38 = 30 x 40 + 2 x 8; 34 x 36 = 30 x 40 + 4 x 6; 56 x 54 = 50 x 60 + 6 x 4; 73 x 77 = 70 x 80 + 3 x 7 Verify and generalise if possible.

The number 27 is special because it is three times the sum of its digits 27 = 3 (2 + 7). Find some two digit numbers that are SEVEN times the sum of their digits (seven-up numbers)?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

I added together the first 'n' positive integers and found that my answer was a 3 digit number in which all the digits were the same...

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?

Choose any four consecutive even numbers. Multiply the two middle numbers together. Multiply the first and last numbers. Now subtract your second answer from the first. Try it with your own. . . .

How good are you at finding the formula for a number pattern ?

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.