A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .

Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?

Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

Take a few whole numbers away from a triangle number. If you know the mean of the remaining numbers can you find the triangle number and which numbers were removed?

A moveable screen slides along a mirrored corridor towards a centrally placed light source. A ray of light from that source is directed towards a wall of the corridor, which it strikes at 45 degrees. . . .

Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

The squares of any 8 consecutive numbers can be arranged into two sets of four numbers with the same sum. True of false?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Find all the triples of numbers a, b, c such that each one of them plus the product of the other two is always 2.

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Charlie likes tablecloths that use as many colours as possible, but insists that his tablecloths have some symmetry. Can you work out how many colours he needs for different tablecloth designs?

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Brian swims at twice the speed that a river is flowing, downstream from one moored boat to another and back again, taking 12 minutes altogether. How long would it have taken him in still water?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

My train left London between 6 a.m. and 7 a.m. and arrived in Paris between 9 a.m. and 10 a.m. At the start and end of the journey the hands on my watch were in exactly the same positions but the. . . .

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

The heptathlon is an athletics competition consisting of 7 events. Can you make sense of the scoring system in order to advise a heptathlete on the best way to reach her target?

Robert noticed some interesting patterns when he highlighted square numbers in a spreadsheet. Can you prove that the patterns will continue?

An algebra task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Use algebra to reason why 16 and 32 are impossible to create as the sum of consecutive numbers.

Attach weights of 1, 2, 4, and 8 units to the four attachment points on the bar. Move the bar from side to side until you find a balance point. Is it possible to predict that position?

How good are you at finding the formula for a number pattern ?

If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is the area of the shaded square?

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Create some shapes by combining two or more rectangles. What can you say about the areas and perimeters of the shapes you can make?

Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.