A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?
Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .
What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?
If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is the area of the shaded square?
A cyclist and a runner start off simultaneously around a race track each going at a constant speed. The cyclist goes all the way around and then catches up with the runner. He then instantly turns. . . .
Account of an investigation which starts from the area of an annulus and leads to the formula for the difference of two squares.
The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .
Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.
Brian swims at twice the speed that a river is flowing, downstream from one moored boat to another and back again, taking 12 minutes altogether. How long would it have taken him in still water?
If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.
Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?
Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?
Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.
Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?
Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?
Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .
Can you use the diagram to prove the AM-GM inequality?
How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?
Watch these videos to see how Phoebe, Alice and Luke chose to draw 7 squares. How would they draw 100?
Think of a two digit number, reverse the digits, and add the numbers together. Something special happens...
Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.
An algebra task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.
Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?
Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?
How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?
Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?
Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?
The Number Jumbler can always work out your chosen symbol. Can you work out how?
15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?
To investigate the relationship between the distance the ruler drops and the time taken, we need to do some mathematical modelling...
Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?
Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .
Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.
Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?
Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?
A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.
A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?
How to build your own magic squares.
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?
A moveable screen slides along a mirrored corridor towards a centrally placed light source. A ray of light from that source is directed towards a wall of the corridor, which it strikes at 45 degrees. . . .
Can you find a rule which relates triangular numbers to square numbers?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.
Can you find a rule which connects consecutive triangular numbers?
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?
Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?
Think of a number and follow my instructions. Tell me your answer, and I'll tell you what you started with! Can you explain how I know?
Think of a number and follow the machine's instructions... I know what your number is! Can you explain how I know?
When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...