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#### Resources tagged with Visualising similar to Weekly Challenge 47: Weird Universes:

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### When the Angles of a Triangle Don't Add up to 180 Degrees

##### Age 14 to 18

This article outlines the underlying axioms of spherical geometry giving a simple proof that the sum of the angles of a triangle on the surface of a unit sphere is equal to pi plus the area of the. . . .

### The Development of Spatial and Geometric Thinking: 5 to 18

##### Age 5 to 16

This is the first article in a series which aim to provide some insight into the way spatial thinking develops in children, and draw on a range of reported research. The focus of this article is the. . . .

### Fermat's Poser

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Find the point whose sum of distances from the vertices (corners) of a given triangle is a minimum.

### Ding Dong Bell

##### Age 11 to 18

The reader is invited to investigate changes (or permutations) in the ringing of church bells, illustrated by braid diagrams showing the order in which the bells are rung.

### Contact

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A circular plate rolls in contact with the sides of a rectangular tray. How much of its circumference comes into contact with the sides of the tray when it rolls around one circuit?

### The Perforated Cube

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A cube is made from smaller cubes, 5 by 5 by 5, then some of those cubes are removed. Can you make the specified shapes, and what is the most and least number of cubes required ?

### Bent Out of Shape

##### Age 14 to 18 Challenge Level:

An introduction to bond angle geometry.

### Five Circuits, Seven Spins

##### Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

A circular plate rolls inside a rectangular tray making five circuits and rotating about its centre seven times. Find the dimensions of the tray.

### A Rolling Disc - Periodic Motion

##### Age 16 to 18

Imagine a rectangular tray lying flat on a table. Suppose that a plate lies on the tray and rolls around, in contact with the sides as it rolls. What can we say about the motion?

### Building Tetrahedra

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you make a tetrahedron whose faces all have the same perimeter?

### Instant Insanity

##### Age 11 to 18 Challenge Level:

Given the nets of 4 cubes with the faces coloured in 4 colours, build a tower so that on each vertical wall no colour is repeated, that is all 4 colours appear.

### Just Rolling Round

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

P is a point on the circumference of a circle radius r which rolls, without slipping, inside a circle of radius 2r. What is the locus of P?

### Sprouts

##### Age 7 to 18 Challenge Level:

A game for 2 people. Take turns joining two dots, until your opponent is unable to move.

### Packing 3D Shapes

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

What 3D shapes occur in nature. How efficiently can you pack these shapes together?

### Air Nets

##### Age 7 to 18 Challenge Level:

Can you visualise whether these nets fold up into 3D shapes? Watch the videos each time to see if you were correct.

### Mach Attack

##### Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

Have you got the Mach knack? Discover the mathematics behind exceeding the sound barrier.

### Fitting Flat Shapes

##### Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

How efficiently can various flat shapes be fitted together?

### Shaping the Universe I - Planet Earth

##### Age 11 to 16

This article explores ths history of theories about the shape of our planet. It is the first in a series of articles looking at the significance of geometric shapes in the history of astronomy.

### Wari

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

This is a simple version of an ancient game played all over the world. It is also called Mancala. What tactics will increase your chances of winning?

### Rolling Coins

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A blue coin rolls round two yellow coins which touch. The coins are the same size. How many revolutions does the blue coin make when it rolls all the way round the yellow coins? Investigate for a. . . .

### Nine Colours

##### Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you use small coloured cubes to make a 3 by 3 by 3 cube so that each face of the bigger cube contains one of each colour?

### Shaping the Universe II - the Solar System

##### Age 11 to 16

The second in a series of articles on visualising and modelling shapes in the history of astronomy.

### Penta Colour

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

In how many different ways can I colour the five edges of a pentagon red, blue and green so that no two adjacent edges are the same colour?

### Solving the Net

##### Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

Takes you through the systematic way in which you can begin to solve a mixed up Cubic Net. How close will you come to a solution?

### One Out One Under

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Imagine a stack of numbered cards with one on top. Discard the top, put the next card to the bottom and repeat continuously. Can you predict the last card?

### Clocking Off

##### Age 7 to 16 Challenge Level:

I found these clocks in the Arts Centre at the University of Warwick intriguing - do they really need four clocks and what times would be ambiguous with only two or three of them?

### Building Gnomons

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Build gnomons that are related to the Fibonacci sequence and try to explain why this is possible.

### LOGO Challenge - Triangles-squares-stars

##### Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of procedures will help - variables not essential.

### LOGO Challenge - Circles as Animals

##### Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

See if you can anticipate successive 'generations' of the two animals shown here.

### Triangles Within Pentagons

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.

### A Problem of Time

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Consider a watch face which has identical hands and identical marks for the hours. It is opposite to a mirror. When is the time as read direct and in the mirror exactly the same between 6 and 7?

### Star Gazing

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Find the ratio of the outer shaded area to the inner area for a six pointed star and an eight pointed star.

### Triangles Within Triangles

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you find a rule which connects consecutive triangular numbers?

### Cubic Net

##### Age 14 to 18 Challenge Level:

This is an interactive net of a Rubik's cube. Twists of the 3D cube become mixes of the squares on the 2D net. Have a play and see how many scrambles you can undo!

### Square It

##### Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.

### Sliding Puzzle

##### Age 5 to 16 Challenge Level:

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

### Something in Common

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A square of area 3 square units cannot be drawn on a 2D grid so that each of its vertices have integer coordinates, but can it be drawn on a 3D grid? Investigate squares that can be drawn.

### Lost on Alpha Prime

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

On the 3D grid a strange (and deadly) animal is lurking. Using the tracking system can you locate this creature as quickly as possible?

### Proximity

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

We are given a regular icosahedron having three red vertices. Show that it has a vertex that has at least two red neighbours.

##### Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

A box of size a cm by b cm by c cm is to be wrapped with a square piece of wrapping paper. Without cutting the paper what is the smallest square this can be?

### Classic Cube

##### Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

The net of a cube is to be cut from a sheet of card 100 cm square. What is the maximum volume cube that can be made from a single piece of card?

### Triangles Within Squares

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you find a rule which relates triangular numbers to square numbers?

### Set Square

##### Age 16 to 18 Challenge Level:

A triangle PQR, right angled at P, slides on a horizontal floor with Q and R in contact with perpendicular walls. What is the locus of P?

### Problem Solving, Using and Applying and Functional Mathematics

##### Age 5 to 18 Challenge Level:

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

### Triangles in the Middle

##### Age 11 to 18 Challenge Level:

This task depends on groups working collaboratively, discussing and reasoning to agree a final product.

### Partly Painted Cube

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

### Charting Success

##### Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you make sense of the charts and diagrams that are created and used by sports competitors, trainers and statisticians?

### Steel Cables

##### Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?