Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Make some loops out of regular hexagons. What rules can you discover?

Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Explore the effect of reflecting in two intersecting mirror lines.

Can you find sets of sloping lines that enclose a square?

What's the largest volume of box you can make from a square of paper?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The loser is the player who takes the last counter.

Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?