The opposite vertices of a square have coordinates (a,b) and (c,d). What are the coordinates of the other vertices?

With one cut a piece of card 16 cm by 9 cm can be made into two pieces which can be rearranged to form a square 12 cm by 12 cm. Explain how this can be done.

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

What is the total number of squares that can be made on a 5 by 5 geoboard?

If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

What is the volume of the solid formed by rotating this right angled triangle about the hypotenuse?

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Show that for any triangle it is always possible to construct 3 touching circles with centres at the vertices. Is it possible to construct touching circles centred at the vertices of any polygon?

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

If you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights, how many of each would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg?

Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?