Resources tagged with: Ratio and proportion

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There are 101 NRICH Mathematical resources connected to Ratio and proportion, you may find related items under Fractions, Decimals, Percentages, Ratio and Proportion.

Broad Topics > Fractions, Decimals, Percentages, Ratio and Proportion > Ratio and proportion

Number Lines in Disguise

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

Some of the numbers have fallen off Becky's number line. Can you figure out what they were?

Fractions Rectangle

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The large rectangle is divided into a series of smaller quadrilaterals and triangles. Can you untangle what fractional part is represented by each of the ten numbered shapes?

Ratios and Dilutions

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Scientists often require solutions which are diluted to a particular concentration. In this problem, you can explore the mathematics of simple dilutions

Mixing Lemonade

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you work out which drink has the stronger flavour?

A Chance to Win?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Imagine you were given the chance to win some money... and imagine you had nothing to lose...

Temperature

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?

All about Ratios

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

A new problem posed by Lyndon Baker who has devised many NRICH problems over the years.

Equal Temperament

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The scale on a piano does something clever : the ratio (interval) between any adjacent points on the scale is equal. If you play any note, twelve points higher will be exactly an octave on.

Trapezium Four

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

Ratio Sudoku 1

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

A Sudoku with clues as ratios.

Mixing More Paints

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you find an efficent way to mix paints in any ratio?

Mixing Paints

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you work out how to produce different shades of pink paint?

Cereal Mix

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A farmer is supplying a mix of seeds, nuts and dried apricots to a manufacturer of crunchy cereal bars. What combination of ingredients costing £5 per kg could he supply?

Little Man

Age 5 to 7
Challenge Level

The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?

Blackcurrantiest

Age 5 to 7
Challenge Level

Can you decide whose drink has the strongest blackcurrant flavour from these pictures?

Orange Drink

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

A 750 ml bottle of concentrated orange squash is enough to make fifteen 250 ml glasses of diluted orange drink. How much water is needed to make 10 litres of this drink?

Pumpkin Pie Problem

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

Peter wanted to make two pies for a party. His mother had a recipe for him to use. However, she always made 80 pies at a time. Did Peter have enough ingredients to make two pumpkin pies?

Oh for the Mathematics of Yesteryear

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A garrison of 600 men has just enough bread ... but, with the news that the enemy was planning an attack... How many ounces of bread a day must each man in the garrison be allowed, to hold out 45. . . .

Sitting Pretty

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

One and Three

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Rule of Three

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

If it takes four men one day to build a wall, how long does it take 60,000 men to build a similar wall?

Two Ladders

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

Areas and Ratios

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Do you have enough information to work out the area of the shaded quadrilateral?

Golden Thoughts

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

Washing Elephants

Age 11 to 14 Short
Challenge Level

How long will it take Mary and Nigel to wash an elephant if they work together?

Another Triangle in a Triangle

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Can you work out the fraction of the original triangle that is covered by the green triangle?

Straw Scaffold

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Build a scaffold out of drinking-straws to support a cup of water

Toad in the Hole

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Is it cheaper to cook a meal from scratch or to buy a ready meal? What difference does the number of people you're cooking for make?

The Fastest Cyclist

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Andy is desperate to reach John o'Groats first. Can you devise a winning race plan?

Tray Bake

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

My recipe is for 12 cakes - how do I change it if I want to make a different number of cakes?

Make Your Own Solar System

Age 7 to 16
Challenge Level

Making a scale model of the solar system

Retiring to Paradise

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

When Charlie retires, he's looking forward to the quiet life, whereas Alison wants a busy and exciting retirement. Can you advise them on where they should go?

Triathlon and Fitness

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The triathlon is a physically gruelling challenge. Can you work out which athlete burnt the most calories?

Nutrition and Cycling

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Andy wants to cycle from Land's End to John o'Groats. Will he be able to eat enough to keep him going?

Why Multiply When You're about to Divide?

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

A brief introduction to PCR and restriction mapping, with relevant calculations...

Diamonds Aren't Forever

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Ever wondered what it would be like to vaporise a diamond? Find out inside...

Gassy Information

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Do each of these scenarios allow you fully to deduce the required facts about the reactants?

Eudiometry

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

When a mixture of gases burn, will the volume change?

Reductant Ratios

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

What does the empirical formula of this mixture of iron oxides tell you about its consituents?

Striking Gold

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Investigate some of the issues raised by Geiger and Marsden's famous scattering experiment in which they fired alpha particles at a sheet of gold.

Speeding Boats

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two boats travel up and down a lake. Can you picture where they will cross if you know how fast each boat is travelling?

Extreme Dissociation

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

In this question we push the pH formula to its theoretical limits.

Exact Dilutions

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Which exact dilution ratios can you make using only 2 dilutions?

Investigating the Dilution Series

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Which dilutions can you make using only 10ml pipettes?

Dilution Series Calculator

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Which dilutions can you make using 10ml pipettes and 100ml measuring cylinders?

Mixed up Mixture

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you fill in the mixed up numbers in this dilution calculation?

Zin Obelisk

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

In the ancient city of Atlantis a solid rectangular object called a Zin was built in honour of the goddess Tina. Your task is to determine on which day of the week the obelisk was completed.

Eight Ratios

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two perpendicular lines lie across each other and the end points are joined to form a quadrilateral. Eight ratios are defined, three are given but five need to be found.

Number the Sides

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the lengths of the sides which have question marks?

A Scale for the Solar System

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The Earth is further from the Sun than Venus, but how much further? Twice as far? Ten times?