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Darts and Kites

Explore the geometry of these dart and kite shapes!

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The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

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ABCDE is a regular pentagon of side length one unit. BC produced meets ED produced at F. Show that triangle CDF is congruent to triangle EDB. Find the length of BE.

Golden Thoughts

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:
Consider the following diagram:

rectangle with triangle inside

Given that the areas of $A1$, $A2$ and $A3$ in the above diagram are equal, show that $${RX\over XS} = {RY\over YQ} = {{\sqrt{5}+ 1}\over 2}$$ so that the points $X$ and $Y$ divide the sides of the rectangle in the golden ratio.