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Golden Thoughts

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

At a Glance

The area of a regular pentagon looks about twice as a big as the pentangle star drawn within it. Is it?

Areas and Ratios

Do you have enough information to work out the area of the shaded quadrilateral?


Age 14 to 18
Challenge Level

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus. Prove that triangles EFB and DFC are similar and hence show that the length EB is equal to the golden ratio and find the ratio BF : FD.