If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

This cube has ink on each face which leaves marks on paper as it is rolled. Can you work out what is on each face and the route it has taken?

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

Can you arrange the digits 1, 1, 2, 2, 3 and 3 to make a Number Sandwich?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and keep repeating this. What happens?

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.