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Resources tagged with Pythagoras' theorem similar to Square in a Triangle:

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Broad Topics > 2D Geometry, Shape and Space > Pythagoras' theorem

Tilted Squares

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

Pythagorean Triples

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

How many right-angled triangles are there with sides that are all integers less than 100 units?

The Pillar of Chios

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .

Liethagoras' Theorem

Stage: 2 and 3

Liethagoras, Pythagoras' cousin (!), was jealous of Pythagoras and came up with his own theorem. Read this article to find out why other mathematicians laughed at him.

Tennis

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A tennis ball is served from directly above the baseline (assume the ball travels in a straight line). What is the minimum height that the ball can be hit at to ensure it lands in the service area?

Floored

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A floor is covered by a tessellation of equilateral triangles, each having three equal arcs inside it. What proportion of the area of the tessellation is shaded?

Square Pegs

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

Pythagoras

Stage: 2 and 3

Pythagoras of Samos was a Greek philosopher who lived from about 580 BC to about 500 BC. Find out about the important developments he made in mathematics, astronomy, and the theory of music.

Isosceles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.

A Chordingly

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Find the area of the annulus in terms of the length of the chord which is tangent to the inner circle.

Semi-square

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

The Dangerous Ratio

Stage: 3

This article for pupils and teachers looks at a number that even the great mathematician, Pythagoras, found terrifying.

Trice

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

ABCDEFGH is a 3 by 3 by 3 cube. Point P is 1/3 along AB (that is AP : PB = 1 : 2), point Q is 1/3 along GH and point R is 1/3 along ED. What is the area of the triangle PQR?

Semi-detached

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Compare Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

Hex

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Explain how the thirteen pieces making up the regular hexagon shown in the diagram can be re-assembled to form three smaller regular hexagons congruent to each other.

Equilateral Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

Some(?) of the Parts

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A circle touches the lines OA, OB and AB where OA and OB are perpendicular. Show that the diameter of the circle is equal to the perimeter of the triangle

Inscribed in a Circle

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Squaring the Circle and Circling the Square

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.

Napkin

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

The Old Goats

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A rectangular field has two posts with a ring on top of each post. There are two quarrelsome goats and plenty of ropes which you can tie to their collars. How can you secure them so they can't. . . .

Partly Circles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Take a Square

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Cut off three right angled isosceles triangles to produce a pentagon. With two lines, cut the pentagon into three parts which can be rearranged into another square.

Three Cubes

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Can you work out the dimensions of the three cubes?

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

Fitting In

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

Star Gazing

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Find the ratio of the outer shaded area to the inner area for a six pointed star and an eight pointed star.

Two Circles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Draw two circles, each of radius 1 unit, so that each circle goes through the centre of the other one. What is the area of the overlap?

All Tied Up

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A ribbon runs around a box so that it makes a complete loop with two parallel pieces of ribbon on the top. How long will the ribbon be?

Pythagoras Proofs

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

Rhombus in Rectangle

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

Six Discs

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Six circular discs are packed in different-shaped boxes so that the discs touch their neighbours and the sides of the box. Can you put the boxes in order according to the areas of their bases?

The Spider and the Fly

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

Cutting a Cube

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A half-cube is cut into two pieces by a plane through the long diagonal and at right angles to it. Can you draw a net of these pieces? Are they identical?

Get Cross

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A white cross is placed symmetrically in a red disc with the central square of side length sqrt 2 and the arms of the cross of length 1 unit. What is the area of the disc still showing?

Squ-areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Three squares are drawn on the sides of a triangle ABC. Their areas are respectively 18 000, 20 000 and 26 000 square centimetres. If the outer vertices of the squares are joined, three more. . . .

Weighty Problem

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

The diagram shows a very heavy kitchen cabinet. It cannot be lifted but it can be pivoted around a corner. The task is to move it, without sliding, in a series of turns about the corners so that it. . . .

Rectangular Pyramids

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level:

Is the sum of the squares of two opposite sloping edges of a rectangular based pyramid equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sloping edges?

Zig Zag

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

Tilting Triangles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A right-angled isosceles triangle is rotated about the centre point of a square. What can you say about the area of the part of the square covered by the triangle as it rotates?

Three Four Five

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

The sides of a triangle are 25, 39 and 40 units of length. Find the diameter of the circumscribed circle.

Corridors

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A 10x10x10 cube is made from 27 2x2 cubes with corridors between them. Find the shortest route from one corner to the opposite corner.

Pareq Calc

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .

Nicely Similar

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Ball Packing

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

If a ball is rolled into the corner of a room how far is its centre from the corner?

Round and Round

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

At a Glance

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

The area of a regular pentagon looks about twice as a big as the pentangle star drawn within it. Is it?