You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Use the interactivity to play two of the bells in a pattern. How do you know when it is your turn to ring, and how do you know which bell to ring?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

Use the interactivity to listen to the bells ringing a pattern. Now it's your turn! Play one of the bells yourself. How do you know when it is your turn to ring?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

Starting with four different triangles, imagine you have an unlimited number of each type. How many different tetrahedra can you make? Convince us you have found them all.

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

A Sudoku with clues given as sums of entries.

This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one

Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

A man has 5 coins in his pocket. Given the clues, can you work out what the coins are?

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

There is a long tradition of creating mazes throughout history and across the world. This article gives details of mazes you can visit and those that you can tackle on paper.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?

The letters of the word ABACUS have been arranged in the shape of a triangle. How many different ways can you find to read the word ABACUS from this triangular pattern?

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.