Three equilateral triangles ABC, AYX and XZB are drawn with the point X a moveable point on AB. The points P, Q and R are the centres of the three triangles. What can you say about triangle PQR?

Explain why, when moving heavy objects on rollers, the object moves twice as fast as the rollers. Try a similar experiment yourself.

Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

A blue coin rolls round two yellow coins which touch. The coins are the same size. How many revolutions does the blue coin make when it rolls all the way round the yellow coins? Investigate for a. . . .

Can you correctly order the steps in the proof of the formula for the sum of a geometric series?

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

The picture illustrates the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = (4 x 5)/2. Prove the general formula for the sum of the first n natural numbers and the formula for the sum of the cubes of the first n natural. . . .

Keep constructing triangles in the incircle of the previous triangle. What happens?

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

Investigate the number of points with integer coordinates on circles with centres at the origin for which the square of the radius is a power of 5.

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

This article invites you to get familiar with a strategic game called "sprouts". The game is simple enough for younger children to understand, and has also provided experienced mathematicians with. . . .

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

An iterative method for finding the value of the Golden Ratio with explanations of how this involves the ratios of Fibonacci numbers and continued fractions.

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Can you visualise whether these nets fold up into 3D shapes? Watch the videos each time to see if you were correct.

Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?

A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.

What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?

Investigate circuits and record your findings in this simple introduction to truth tables and logic.

We are given a regular icosahedron having three red vertices. Show that it has a vertex that has at least two red neighbours.

Mark a point P inside a closed curve. Is it always possible to find two points that lie on the curve, such that P is the mid point of the line joining these two points?

If for any triangle ABC tan(A - B) + tan(B - C) + tan(C - A) = 0 what can you say about the triangle?

Use this interactivity to sort out the steps of the proof of the formula for the sum of an arithmetic series. The 'thermometer' will tell you how you are doing

Prove that the internal angle bisectors of a triangle will never be perpendicular to each other.

A circle has centre O and angle POR = angle QOR. Construct tangents at P and Q meeting at T. Draw a circle with diameter OT. Do P and Q lie inside, or on, or outside this circle?

With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?

Find a connection between the shape of a special ellipse and an infinite string of nested square roots.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

How many tours visit each vertex of a cube once and only once? How many return to the starting point?

Generalise the sum of a GP by using derivatives to make the coefficients into powers of the natural numbers.

Euler found four whole numbers such that the sum of any two of the numbers is a perfect square...

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

Show that the arithmetic mean, geometric mean and harmonic mean of a and b can be the lengths of the sides of a right-angles triangle if and only if a = bx^3, where x is the Golden Ratio.

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.