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Cosines Rule

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

(a) Prove that a triangle with sides $3$, $7$, $8$ contains a $60$ degree angle.

(b) Three points $A$, $B$ and $C$ lie in this order on a line, and $P$ is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove that:

\[{AP^2\over AB.AC}+{CP^2\over CA.CB} = 1 + {PB^2\over BA.BC}.\]