Three equilateral triangles ABC, AYX and XZB are drawn with the point X a moveable point on AB. The points P, Q and R are the centres of the three triangles. What can you say about triangle PQR?

Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?

Can you correctly order the steps in the proof of the formula for the sum of the first n terms in a geometric sequence?

Do you have enough information to work out the area of the shaded quadrilateral?

Mark a point P inside a closed curve. Is it always possible to find two points that lie on the curve, such that P is the mid point of the line joining these two points?

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

An inequality involving integrals of squares of functions.

An article about the strategy for playing The Triangle Game which appears on the NRICH site. It contains a simple lemma about labelling a grid of equilateral triangles within a triangular frame.

Put the steps of this proof in order to find the formula for the sum of an arithmetic sequence

Investigate the number of points with integer coordinates on circles with centres at the origin for which the square of the radius is a power of 5.

This article invites you to get familiar with a strategic game called "sprouts". The game is simple enough for younger children to understand, and has also provided experienced mathematicians with. . . .

Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.

Investigate the sequences obtained by starting with any positive 2 digit number (10a+b) and repeatedly using the rule 10a+b maps to 10b-a to get the next number in the sequence.

Given that u>0 and v>0 find the smallest possible value of 1/u + 1/v given that u + v = 5 by different methods.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

Explore the continued fraction: 2+3/(2+3/(2+3/2+...)) What do you notice when successive terms are taken? What happens to the terms if the fraction goes on indefinitely?

Find the positive integer solutions of the equation (1+1/a)(1+1/b)(1+1/c) = 2

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

The picture illustrates the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = (4 x 5)/2. Prove the general formula for the sum of the first n natural numbers and the formula for the sum of the cubes of the first n natural. . . .

Make and prove a conjecture about the value of the product of the Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}$.

Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?

Given any two polynomials in a single variable it is always possible to eliminate the variable and obtain a formula showing the relationship between the two polynomials. Try this one.

We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.

Generalise the sum of a GP by using derivatives to make the coefficients into powers of the natural numbers.

Find a connection between the shape of a special ellipse and an infinite string of nested square roots.

Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?

Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

Take a complicated fraction with the product of five quartics top and bottom and reduce this to a whole number. This is a numerical example involving some clever algebra.

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the vertices?

With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Prove that you cannot form a Magic W with a total of 12 or less or with a with a total of 18 or more.

Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.

To find the integral of a polynomial, evaluate it at some special points and add multiples of these values.

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square. Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with this property. Generalise to four integers.

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).