With n people anywhere in a field each shoots a water pistol at the nearest person. In general who gets wet? What difference does it make if n is odd or even?
These proofs are wrong. Can you see why?
Prove that the internal angle bisectors of a triangle will never be perpendicular to each other.
Starting with one of the mini-challenges, how many of the other mini-challenges will you invent for yourself?
Have a go at being mathematically negative, by negating these statements.
Can you work out where the blue-and-red brick roads end?
Can you invert the logic to prove these statements?
An article about the strategy for playing The Triangle Game which appears on the NRICH site. It contains a simple lemma about labelling a grid of equilateral triangles within a triangular frame.
Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.
A connected graph is a graph in which we can get from any vertex to any other by travelling along the edges. A tree is a connected graph with no closed circuits (or loops. Prove that every tree has. . . .
Show that for natural numbers x and y if x/y > 1 then x/y>(x+1)/(y+1}>1. Hence prove that the product for i=1 to n of [(2i)/(2i-1)] tends to infinity as n tends to infinity.
What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?
Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.
Follow the hints and prove Pick's Theorem.
The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!
Prove that you cannot form a Magic W with a total of 12 or less or with a with a total of 18 or more.
The sum of any two of the numbers 2, 34 and 47 is a perfect square. Choose three square numbers and find sets of three integers with this property. Generalise to four integers.
To find the integral of a polynomial, evaluate it at some special points and add multiples of these values.
A polite number can be written as the sum of two or more consecutive positive integers. Find the consecutive sums giving the polite numbers 544 and 424. What characterizes impolite numbers?
Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.
Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.
Given any two polynomials in a single variable it is always possible to eliminate the variable and obtain a formula showing the relationship between the two polynomials. Try this one.
If you think that mathematical proof is really clearcut and universal then you should read this article.
Which of these triangular jigsaws are impossible to finish?
This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.
In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).
This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.
An account of methods for finding whether or not a number can be written as the sum of two or more squares or as the sum of two or more cubes.
Tom writes about expressing numbers as the sums of three squares.
We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.
In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.
Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.
Here the diagram says it all. Can you find the diagram?
Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?
Sort these mathematical propositions into a series of 8 correct statements.
Can you work through these direct proofs, using our interactive proof sorters?
The twelve edge totals of a standard six-sided die are distributed symmetrically. Will the same symmetry emerge with a dodecahedral die?
A introduction to how patterns can be deceiving, and what is and is not a proof.
When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?
A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.
Find all real solutions of the equation (x^2-7x+11)^(x^2-11x+30) = 1.
Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?
Clearly if a, b and c are the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle then a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = ab + bc + ca. Is the converse true?
Relate these algebraic expressions to geometrical diagrams.
Prove that in every tetrahedron there is a vertex such that the three edges meeting there have lengths which could be the sides of a triangle.
Show that the arithmetic mean, geometric mean and harmonic mean of a and b can be the lengths of the sides of a right-angles triangle if and only if a = bx^3, where x is the Golden Ratio.
An introduction to some beautiful results of Number Theory (a branch of pure mathematics devoted primarily to the study of the integers and integer-valued functions)
Mark a point P inside a closed curve. Is it always possible to find two points that lie on the curve, such that P is the mid point of the line joining these two points?
An inequality involving integrals of squares of functions.
What can you say about the common difference of an AP where every term is prime?