Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

An equilateral triangle is sitting on top of a square. What is the radius of the circle that circumscribes this shape?

Find the area of the annulus in terms of the length of the chord which is tangent to the inner circle.

A picture is made by joining five small quadrilaterals together to make a large quadrilateral. Is it possible to draw a similar picture if all the small quadrilaterals are cyclic?

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

A circle has centre O and angle POR = angle QOR. Construct tangents at P and Q meeting at T. Draw a circle with diameter OT. Do P and Q lie inside, or on, or outside this circle?

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

An equilateral triangle is constructed on BC. A line QD is drawn, where Q is the midpoint of AC. Prove that AB // QD.

Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.

Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?

If you know the sizes of the angles marked with coloured dots in this diagram which angles can you find by calculation?

Construct two equilateral triangles on a straight line. There are two lengths that look the same - can you prove it?

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

Points A, B and C are the centres of three circles, each one of which touches the other two. Prove that the perimeter of the triangle ABC is equal to the diameter of the largest circle.

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Prove that the internal angle bisectors of a triangle will never be perpendicular to each other.

ABCD is a square. P is the midpoint of AB and is joined to C. A line from D perpendicular to PC meets the line at the point Q. Prove AQ = AD.

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

The diagonal of a square intersects the line joining one of the unused corners to the midpoint of the opposite side. What do you notice about the line segments produced?

Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.

Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?

Clearly if a, b and c are the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle then a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = ab + bc + ca. Is the converse true?

When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?

What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?

What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?

These formulae are often quoted, but rarely proved. In this article, we derive the formulae for the volumes of a square-based pyramid and a cone, using relatively simple mathematical concepts.

Here are three 'tricks' to amaze your friends. But the really clever trick is explaining to them why these 'tricks' are maths not magic. Like all good magicians, you should practice by trying. . . .

This jar used to hold perfumed oil. It contained enough oil to fill granid silver bottles. Each bottle held enough to fill ozvik golden goblets and each goblet held enough to fill vaswik crystal. . . .

Write down a three-digit number Change the order of the digits to get a different number Find the difference between the two three digit numbers Follow the rest of the instructions then try. . . .

We have exactly 100 coins. There are five different values of coins. We have decided to buy a piece of computer software for 39.75. We have the correct money, not a penny more, not a penny less! Can. . . .

Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?

Here are some examples of 'cons', and see if you can figure out where the trick is.

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

Explore what happens when you draw graphs of quadratic equations with coefficients based on a geometric sequence.

L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?