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Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

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Find the area of the annulus in terms of the length of the chord which is tangent to the inner circle.

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Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

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Points A, B and C are the centres of three circles, each one of which touches the other two. Prove that the perimeter of the triangle ABC is equal to the diameter of the largest circle.

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This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

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The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

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An equilateral triangle is sitting on top of a square. What is the radius of the circle that circumscribes this shape?

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

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Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.

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It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

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Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?

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If you know the sizes of the angles marked with coloured dots in this diagram which angles can you find by calculation?

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A circle has centre O and angle POR = angle QOR. Construct tangents at P and Q meeting at T. Draw a circle with diameter OT. Do P and Q lie inside, or on, or outside this circle?

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A picture is made by joining five small quadrilaterals together to make a large quadrilateral. Is it possible to draw a similar picture if all the small quadrilaterals are cyclic?

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Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

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What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

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Find the missing angle between the two secants to the circle when the two angles at the centre subtended by the arcs created by the intersections of the secants and the circle are 50 and 120 degrees.

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The diagonal of a square intersects the line joining one of the unused corners to the midpoint of the opposite side. What do you notice about the line segments produced?

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Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

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ABCD is a square. P is the midpoint of AB and is joined to C. A line from D perpendicular to PC meets the line at the point Q. Prove AQ = AD.

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What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?

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There are 12 identical looking coins, one of which is a fake. The counterfeit coin is of a different weight to the rest. What is the minimum number of weighings needed to locate the fake coin?

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Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

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Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

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Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

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Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?

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Clearly if a, b and c are the lengths of the sides of an equilateral triangle then a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = ab + bc + ca. Is the converse true?

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An equilateral triangle is constructed on BC. A line QD is drawn, where Q is the midpoint of AC. Prove that AB // QD.

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Prove that the internal angle bisectors of a triangle will never be perpendicular to each other.

Here are some examples of 'cons', and see if you can figure out where the trick is.

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The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

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Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.

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Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?

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What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?

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Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .

These formulae are often quoted, but rarely proved. In this article, we derive the formulae for the volumes of a square-based pyramid and a cone, using relatively simple mathematical concepts.

Challenge Level

Show that among the interior angles of a convex polygon there cannot be more than three acute angles.

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

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Eight children enter the autumn cross-country race at school. How many possible ways could they come in at first, second and third places?

What does logic mean to us and is that different to mathematical logic? We will explore these questions in this article.

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Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

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The picture illustrates the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = (4 x 5)/2. Prove the general formula for the sum of the first n natural numbers and the formula for the sum of the cubes of the first n natural. . . .

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I want some cubes painted with three blue faces and three red faces. How many different cubes can be painted like that?

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Keep constructing triangles in the incircle of the previous triangle. What happens?

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Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

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A huge wheel is rolling past your window. What do you see?

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Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?