Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

The picture illustrates the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = (4 x 5)/2. Prove the general formula for the sum of the first n natural numbers and the formula for the sum of the cubes of the first n natural. . . .

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Take a triangular number, multiply it by 8 and add 1. What is special about your answer? Can you prove it?

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

A, B & C own a half, a third and a sixth of a coin collection. Each grab some coins, return some, then share equally what they had put back, finishing with their own share. How rich are they?

Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?

Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?

The problem is how did Archimedes calculate the lengths of the sides of the polygons which needed him to be able to calculate square roots?

Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?

Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

Investigate the sequences obtained by starting with any positive 2 digit number (10a+b) and repeatedly using the rule 10a+b maps to 10b-a to get the next number in the sequence.

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

This is the second of two articles and discusses problems relating to the curvature of space, shortest distances on surfaces, triangulations of surfaces and representation by graphs.

A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

The country Sixtania prints postage stamps with only three values 6 lucres, 10 lucres and 15 lucres (where the currency is in lucres).Which values cannot be made up with combinations of these postage. . . .

I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

I want some cubes painted with three blue faces and three red faces. How many different cubes can be painted like that?

When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?

This article invites you to get familiar with a strategic game called "sprouts". The game is simple enough for younger children to understand, and has also provided experienced mathematicians with. . . .

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

If a two digit number has its digits reversed and the smaller of the two numbers is subtracted from the larger, prove the difference can never be prime.

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

The knight's move on a chess board is 2 steps in one direction and one step in the other direction. Prove that a knight cannot visit every square on the board once and only (a tour) on a 2 by n board. . . .

Explore what happens when you draw graphs of quadratic equations with coefficients based on a geometric sequence.

L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?

Construct two equilateral triangles on a straight line. There are two lengths that look the same - can you prove it?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

If I tell you two sides of a right-angled triangle, you can easily work out the third. But what if the angle between the two sides is not a right angle?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?