During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a sequence adding 2 each time?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

This task offers an opportunity to explore all sorts of number relationships, but particularly multiplication.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

In this article, Alf outlines six activities using the Gattegno chart, which help to develop understanding of place value, multiplication and division.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Related resources supporting pupils' understanding of multiplication and division through playing with numbers.

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

How will you decide which way of flipping over and/or turning the grid will give you the highest total?

Alf describes how the Gattegno chart helped a class of 7-9 year olds gain an awareness of place value and of the inverse relationship between multiplication and division.

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

In this article for primary teachers, Lynne McClure outlines what is meant by fluency in the context of number and explains how our selection of NRICH tasks can help.