This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.

Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit answer. . . .

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Using the digits 1 to 9, the number 4396 can be written as the product of two numbers. Can you find the factors?

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

In this article for primary teachers, Lynne McClure outlines what is meant by fluency in the context of number and explains how our selection of NRICH tasks can help.

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

In this article, Alf outlines six activities using the Gattegno chart, which help to develop understanding of place value, multiplication and division.

Alf describes how the Gattegno chart helped a class of 7-9 year olds gain an awareness of place value and of the inverse relationship between multiplication and division.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...