In this article we show that every whole number can be written as a continued fraction of the form k/(1+k/(1+k/...)).

Explore the continued fraction: 2+3/(2+3/(2+3/2+...)) What do you notice when successive terms are taken? What happens to the terms if the fraction goes on indefinitely?

Make and prove a conjecture about the value of the product of the Fibonacci numbers $F_{n+1}F_{n-1}$.

The problem is how did Archimedes calculate the lengths of the sides of the polygons which needed him to be able to calculate square roots?

Find a connection between the shape of a special ellipse and an infinite string of nested square roots.

Given that a, b and c are natural numbers show that if sqrt a+sqrt b is rational then it is a natural number. Extend this to 3 variables.

An iterative method for finding the value of the Golden Ratio with explanations of how this involves the ratios of Fibonacci numbers and continued fractions.

This problem is a sequence of linked mini-challenges leading up to the proof of a difficult final challenge, encouraging you to think mathematically. Starting with one of the mini-challenges, how. . . .

This article extends the discussions in "Whole number dynamics I". Continuing the proof that, for all starting points, the Happy Number sequence goes into a loop or homes in on a fixed point.

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

In this third of five articles we prove that whatever whole number we start with for the Happy Number sequence we will always end up with some set of numbers being repeated over and over again.

Professor Korner has generously supported school mathematics for more than 30 years and has been a good friend to NRICH since it started.

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Solve this famous unsolved problem and win a prize. Take a positive integer N. If even, divide by 2; if odd, multiply by 3 and add 1. Iterate. Prove that the sequence always goes to 4,2,1,4,2,1...

Which of these triangular jigsaws are impossible to finish?

The final of five articles which containe the proof of why the sequence introduced in article IV either reaches the fixed point 0 or the sequence enters a repeating cycle of four values.

A point moves around inside a rectangle. What are the least and the greatest values of the sum of the squares of the distances from the vertices?

Show that x = 1 is a solution of the equation x^(3/2) - 8x^(-3/2) = 7 and find all other solutions.

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

By considering powers of (1+x), show that the sum of the squares of the binomial coefficients from 0 to n is 2nCn

Prove that if a is a natural number and the square root of a is rational, then it is a square number (an integer n^2 for some integer n.)

An article which gives an account of some properties of magic squares.

Let a(n) be the number of ways of expressing the integer n as an ordered sum of 1's and 2's. Let b(n) be the number of ways of expressing n as an ordered sum of integers greater than 1. (i) Calculate. . . .

Find all positive integers a and b for which the two equations: x^2-ax+b = 0 and x^2-bx+a = 0 both have positive integer solutions.

Keep constructing triangles in the incircle of the previous triangle. What happens?

Suppose A always beats B and B always beats C, then would you expect A to beat C? Not always! What seems obvious is not always true. Results always need to be proved in mathematics.

Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?

The tangles created by the twists and turns of the Conway rope trick are surprisingly symmetrical. Here's why!

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Sort these mathematical propositions into a series of 8 correct statements.

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

Draw some quadrilaterals on a 9-point circle and work out the angles. Is there a theorem?

Can you find the value of this function involving algebraic fractions for x=2000?

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?

An account of methods for finding whether or not a number can be written as the sum of two or more squares or as the sum of two or more cubes.

We continue the discussion given in Euclid's Algorithm I, and here we shall discover when an equation of the form ax+by=c has no solutions, and when it has infinitely many solutions.

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

Take a number, add its digits then multiply the digits together, then multiply these two results. If you get the same number it is an SP number.

Find all real solutions of the equation (x^2-7x+11)^(x^2-11x+30) = 1.

Prove that in every tetrahedron there is a vertex such that the three edges meeting there have lengths which could be the sides of a triangle.

A connected graph is a graph in which we can get from any vertex to any other by travelling along the edges. A tree is a connected graph with no closed circuits (or loops. Prove that every tree has. . . .

An article about the strategy for playing The Triangle Game which appears on the NRICH site. It contains a simple lemma about labelling a grid of equilateral triangles within a triangular frame.