Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

A, B & C own a half, a third and a sixth of a coin collection. Each grab some coins, return some, then share equally what they had put back, finishing with their own share. How rich are they?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

The diagonal of a square intersects the line joining one of the unused corners to the midpoint of the opposite side. What do you notice about the line segments produced?

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

If you take two tests and get a marks out of a maximum b in the first and c marks out of d in the second, does the mediant (a+c)/(b+d)lie between the results for the two tests separately.

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

A composite number is one that is neither prime nor 1. Show that 10201 is composite in any base.

The picture illustrates the sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = (4 x 5)/2. Prove the general formula for the sum of the first n natural numbers and the formula for the sum of the cubes of the first n natural. . . .

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Explore the continued fraction: 2+3/(2+3/(2+3/2+...)) What do you notice when successive terms are taken? What happens to the terms if the fraction goes on indefinitely?

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

If you think that mathematical proof is really clearcut and universal then you should read this article.

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?

Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.

What happens to the perimeter of triangle ABC as the two smaller circles change size and roll around inside the bigger circle?

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.

Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

This article looks at knight's moves on a chess board and introduces you to the idea of vectors and vector addition.

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

Take any whole number between 1 and 999, add the squares of the digits to get a new number. Make some conjectures about what happens in general.

This article extends the discussions in "Whole number dynamics I". Continuing the proof that, for all starting points, the Happy Number sequence goes into a loop or homes in on a fixed point.

The first of five articles concentrating on whole number dynamics, ideas of general dynamical systems are introduced and seen in concrete cases.

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.