Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

It is impossible to trisect an angle using only ruler and compasses but it can be done using a carpenter's square.

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Take any two numbers between 0 and 1. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product?

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

An equilateral triangle is constructed on BC. A line QD is drawn, where Q is the midpoint of AC. Prove that AB // QD.

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Can you explain why a sequence of operations always gives you perfect squares?

Construct two equilateral triangles on a straight line. There are two lengths that look the same - can you prove it?

A, B & C own a half, a third and a sixth of a coin collection. Each grab some coins, return some, then share equally what they had put back, finishing with their own share. How rich are they?

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

This is an interactivity in which you have to sort the steps in the completion of the square into the correct order to prove the formula for the solutions of quadratic equations.

Investigate the sequences obtained by starting with any positive 2 digit number (10a+b) and repeatedly using the rule 10a+b maps to 10b-a to get the next number in the sequence.

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

What can you say about the lengths of the sides of a quadrilateral whose vertices are on a unit circle?

Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?

If you think that mathematical proof is really clearcut and universal then you should read this article.

Is the mean of the squares of two numbers greater than, or less than, the square of their means?

Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.

Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

Can you see how this picture illustrates the formula for the sum of the first six cube numbers?

What is the largest number of intersection points that a triangle and a quadrilateral can have?

Some diagrammatic 'proofs' of algebraic identities and inequalities.

Some puzzles requiring no knowledge of knot theory, just a careful inspection of the patterns. A glimpse of the classification of knots and a little about prime knots, crossing numbers and. . . .

Eulerian and Hamiltonian circuits are defined with some simple examples and a couple of puzzles to illustrate Hamiltonian circuits.

When is it impossible to make number sandwiches?

If I tell you two sides of a right-angled triangle, you can easily work out the third. But what if the angle between the two sides is not a right angle?

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

L triominoes can fit together to make larger versions of themselves. Is every size possible to make in this way?

What fractions can you divide the diagonal of a square into by simple folding?

Can you rearrange the cards to make a series of correct mathematical statements?

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

This article invites you to get familiar with a strategic game called "sprouts". The game is simple enough for younger children to understand, and has also provided experienced mathematicians with. . . .

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

Prove that, given any three parallel lines, an equilateral triangle always exists with one vertex on each of the three lines.

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

A composite number is one that is neither prime nor 1. Show that 10201 is composite in any base.

Kyle and his teacher disagree about his test score - who is right?

Imagine two identical cylindrical pipes meeting at right angles and think about the shape of the space which belongs to both pipes. Early Chinese mathematicians call this shape the mouhefanggai.

This is the second of two articles and discusses problems relating to the curvature of space, shortest distances on surfaces, triangulations of surfaces and representation by graphs.

In this 7-sandwich: 7 1 3 1 6 4 3 5 7 2 4 6 2 5 there are 7 numbers between the 7s, 6 between the 6s etc. The article shows which values of n can make n-sandwiches and which cannot.

A serious but easily readable discussion of proof in mathematics with some amusing stories and some interesting examples.