This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?