Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?