Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

What is the remainder when 2^{164}is divided by 7?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?