Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Where will the point stop after it has turned through 30 000 degrees? I took out my calculator and typed 30 000 ÷ 360. How did this help?

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?