This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the
calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each
of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3
and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can
only use each digit once.
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the latest developments and questions.
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product
of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers
should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I
type. . . .
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.