Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the latest developments and questions.
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.