Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
Points P, Q, R and S each divide the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively in the ratio of 2 : 1. Join the points. What is the area of the parallelogram PQRS in relation to the original rectangle?
Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .
Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?
Four rods, two of length a and two of length b, are linked to form a kite. The linkage is moveable so that the angles change. What is the maximum area of the kite?
Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.
What are the possible areas of triangles drawn in a square?
We usually use squares to measure area, but what if we use triangles instead?
Isometric Areas explored areas of parallelograms in triangular units. Here we explore areas of triangles...
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?
A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .
What's special about the area of quadrilaterals drawn in a square?
Start with a triangle. Can you cut it up to make a rectangle?
Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.
Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.
In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem, but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
Can you find the areas of the trapezia in this sequence?
What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you enlarge them?
Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn with a circle just touching each side and another circle just touching each vertex.
ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.
Join the midpoints of a quadrilateral to get a new quadrilateral. What is special about it?
The points P, Q, R and S are the midpoints of the edges of a non-convex quadrilateral.What do you notice about the quadrilateral PQRS and its area?
Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?
Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?
Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?
We started drawing some quadrilaterals - can you complete them?
Can you draw the height-time chart as this complicated vessel fills with water?
Three squares are drawn on the sides of a triangle ABC. Their areas are respectively 18 000, 20 000 and 26 000 square centimetres. If the outer vertices of the squares are joined, three more. . . .
Imagine different shaped vessels being filled. Can you work out what the graphs of the water level should look like?
Straight lines are drawn from each corner of a square to the mid points of the opposite sides. Express the area of the octagon that is formed at the centre as a fraction of the area of the square.
A trapezium is divided into four triangles by its diagonals. Can you work out the area of the trapezium?
A farmer has a field which is the shape of a trapezium as illustrated below. To increase his profits he wishes to grow two different crops. To do this he would like to divide the field into two. . . .
Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.
The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
Three fences of different lengths form three sides of an enclosure. What arrangement maximises the area?
The area of a regular pentagon looks about twice as a big as the pentangle star drawn within it. Is it?
Six circular discs are packed in different-shaped boxes so that the discs touch their neighbours and the sides of the box. Can you put the boxes in order according to the areas of their bases?
The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?