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Kissing Triangles

Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.

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Isosceles

Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.

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Linkage

Four rods, two of length a and two of length b, are linked to form a kite. The linkage is moveable so that the angles change. What is the maximum area of the kite?

Dotty Triangles

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

Can you draw triangles of area 1, 2, 3, ?.. square units?

Can you draw a triangle with an area of 1.5 square units?

What is the area of the smallest triangle you can draw? Is this triangle unique?

How many triangles of of area 2 square units can you draw and can you create "families" or "groups" of these triangles?