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Triangles in a Square

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

You may wish to print a dotty grid to work on this problem.

Here is a triangle drawn on a $5$ by $5$ dotty grid by joining the top-right-hand dot to a dot on the left hand side of the grid, and a dot on the bottom of the grid.

Here are some more triangles drawn in the same way.
Which has the largest area?

Now, think about the different triangles that can be formed with a vertex at $(5,5)$, a vertex on the left hand side and a vertex on the bottom of the grid.

What is the smallest area such a triangle can have? What about the largest area?
Which areas in between is it possible to make?
How many of these areas are whole numbers?

Can you find a general expression for the area of a triangle on this grid if its vertices have co-ordinates $(5,5)$, $(x,0)$ and $(0,y)$?

What can you say about the areas of triangles drawn on a $6$ by $6$ grid? Or a $7$ by $7$ grid? Or a $100$ by $100$ grid...?

With thanks to Don Steward, whose ideas formed the basis of this problem.