Pythagoras' Theorem and Trigonometry - Short Problems


This is part of our collection of Short Problems.

You may also be interested in our longer problems on Pythagoras' Theorem and Trigonometry.

Printable worksheets containing selections of these problems are available here:

Pythagoras Stage 4 ★ Sheet 1 Solutions            Pythagoras Stage 4 ★★★ Sheet 1 Solutions
             
Pythagoras Stage 4 ★★ Sheet 1 Solutions   Trigonometry Stage 4 ★★★ Sheet 1 Solutions
  Sheet 2 Solutions        
             

Tetromino Diagonal

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you calculate the length of this diagonal line?

Pythagoras' Dream

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you work out the area of this isosceles right angled triangle?

Out of the Window

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Find out how many pieces of hardboard of differing sizes can fit through a rectangular window.

Crane Arm

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

A parallelogram is formed by joining together four equilateral triangles. What is the length of the longest diagonal?

Right-angled Midpoints

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

If the midpoints of the sides of a right angled triangle are joined, what is the perimeter of this new triangle?

Right Angled Possibilities

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

If two of the sides of a right-angled triangle are 5cm and 6cm long, how many possibilities are there for the length of the third side?

Rectangle Rearrangement

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

A 3x8 rectangle is cut into two pieces... then rearranged to form a right-angled triangle. What is the perimeter of the triangle formed?

Diagonal Area

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

A square has area 72 cm$^2$. Find the length of its diagonal.

Three Right Angles

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Work your way through these right-angled triangles to find $x$.

Folded Over

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

A rectangular piece of paper is folded. Can you work out one of the lengths in the diagram?

Hexagon Perimeter

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

A circle of radius 1 is inscribed in a regular hexagon. What is the perimeter of the hexagon?

Walk the Plank

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

A rectangular plank fits neatly inside a square frame when placed diagonally. What is the length of the plank?

Folding in Half

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

How does the perimeter change when we fold this isosceles triangle in half?

Building Blocks

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you find the length of AB in this diagram?

Arc Radius

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Two arcs are drawn in a right-angled triangle as shown. What is the length $r$?

Unusual Polygon

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

What is the perimeter of this unusually shaped polygon...

Unusual Quadrilateral

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

This quadrilateral has an unusual shape. Are you able to find its area?

Winding Vine

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

A vine is growing up a pole. Can you find its length?

Snapped Palm Tree

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

A palm tree has snapped in a storm. What is the height of the piece that is still standing?

Symmetric Angles

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

This diagram has symmetry of order four. Can you use different geometric properties to find a particular length?

Strike a Chord

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you work out the radius of a circle from some information about a chord?

Question of Three Sides

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you find the length of the third side of this triangle?

Triangular Teaser

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Triangle T has sides of lengths 6, 5 and 5. Triangle U has sides of lengths 8, 5 and 5. What is the ratio of their areas?

The Roller and the Triangle

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

How much of the inside of this triangular prism can Clare paint using a cylindrical roller?

Semicircle in a Semicircle

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

The diagram shows two semicircular arcs... What is the diameter of the shaded region?

When the Boat Comes In

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

When you pull a boat in using a rope, does the boat move more quickly, more slowly, or at the same speed as you?

One or Two

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

The diagrams show squares placed inside semicircles. What is the ratio of the shaded areas?

Four Circles

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you find the radius of the larger circle in the diagram?

Circle Time

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Three circles of different radii each touch the other two. What can you deduce about the arc length between these points?

Triple Pythagoras

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you work out the length of the diagonal of the cuboid?

Interior Squares

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Calculate the ratio of areas of these squares which are inscribed inside a semi-circle and a circle.

Height of the Tower

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

How do these measurements enable you to find the height of this tower?

Centre Square

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

What does Pythagoras' Theorem tell you about the radius of these circles?

Integers on a Sphere

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you find all the integer coordinates on a sphere of radius 3?

Oh So Circular

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

The diagram shows two circles and four equal semi-circular arcs. The area of the inner shaded circle is 1. What is the area of the outer circle?

Diamond Ring

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Find the radius of the stone in this ring.

Salt's Mill

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

A window frame in Salt's Mill consists of two equal semicircles and a circle inside a large semicircle. What is the radius of the circle?

Smartphone Screen

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you find the length and width of the screen of this smartphone in inches?

Ice Cream Tangent

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

The diagram shows a semi-circle and an isosceles triangle which have equal areas. What is the value of tan x?

Distance to the Corner

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you find the distance from the well to the fourth corner, given the distance from the well to the first three corners?

Overlapping Ribbons

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Two ribbons are laid over each other so that they cross. Can you find the area of the overlap?

Square Overlap

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

The top square has been rotated so that the squares meet at a 60$^\text{o}$ angle. What is the area of the overlap?

Common Tangent

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Two circles touch, what is the length of the line that is a tangent to both circles?

Folded Rectangle

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you find the perimeter of the pentagon formed when this rectangle of paper is folded?

Indigo Interior

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

The diagram shows 8 shaded squares inside a circle. What is the shaded area?

Triangle Radius

Age 14 to 16 Short
Challenge Level

Can you find the radii of the small circles?