A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

Draw a square. A second square of the same size slides around the first always maintaining contact and keeping the same orientation. How far does the dot travel?

A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.

Take a look at the video of this trick. Can you perform it yourself? Why is this maths and not magic?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

With one cut a piece of card 16 cm by 9 cm can be made into two pieces which can be rearranged to form a square 12 cm by 12 cm. Explain how this can be done.

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.