Resources tagged with: Multiplication & division

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Broad Topics > Calculations and Numerical Methods > Multiplication & division

It Figures

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Route Product

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

ABC

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Multiplication Series: Illustrating Number Properties with Arrays

Age 5 to 11

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

A-magical Number Maze

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Forgot the Numbers

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Twenty Divided Into Six

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Calendar Calculations

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

X Is 5 Squares

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Domino Numbers

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Arranging the Tables

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Dice and Spinner Numbers

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Zargon Glasses

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

The Brown Family

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

The Pied Piper of Hamelin

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

The Clockmaker's Birthday Cake

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Doplication

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Oh! Harry!

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Rabbits in the Pen

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

The Puzzling Sweet Shop

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

How Old?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Magic Constants

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Napier's Bones

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Today's Date - 01/06/2009

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Clock Face

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Children's Mathematical Graphics: Understanding the Key Concept

Age 5 to 7

In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

Asteroid Blast

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

It Was 2010!

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?

Countdown

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Next Number

Age 7 to 11 Short Challenge Level:

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

Number Tracks

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Month Mania

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Function Machines

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Cows and Sheep

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Starfish Spotting

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

How Much Did it Cost?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Machines

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What is happening at each box in these machines?

Being Resourceful - Primary Number

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Penta Post

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

What's Left?

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

Sept03 Sept03 Sept03

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Making Longer, Making Shorter

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?

Bundles of Cubes

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

Tables Teaser

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

How will you work out which numbers have been used to create this multiplication square?

Buckets of Thinking

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Sometimes We Lose Things

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

The Number Crunching Machine

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Dividing a Cake

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

The 24 Game

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?