This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Are you resilient enough to solve these number problems?

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

How would you find out how many football cards Catrina has collected?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

In this article for primary teachers, Lynne McClure outlines what is meant by fluency in the context of number and explains how our selection of NRICH tasks can help.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?