There are **61** NRICH Mathematical resources connected to **Addition & subtraction**, you may find related items under Calculations and Numerical Methods.

Try out some calculations. Are you surprised by the results?

This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Add or subtract the two numbers on the spinners and try to complete a row of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?

In this game the winner is the first to complete a row of three. Are some squares easier to land on than others?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Fancy a game of cricket? Here is a mathematical version you can play indoors without breaking any windows.

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

Here is a chance to play a fractions version of the classic Countdown Game.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

The country Sixtania prints postage stamps with only three values 6 lucres, 10 lucres and 15 lucres (where the currency is in lucres).Which values cannot be made up with combinations of these postage. . . .

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

An account of some magic squares and their properties and and how to construct them for yourself.

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

If you wrote all the possible four digit numbers made by using each of the digits 2, 4, 5, 7 once, what would they add up to?

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.

Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Ann thought of 5 numbers and told Bob all the sums that could be made by adding the numbers in pairs. The list of sums is 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10,10, 11, 12. Help Bob to find out which numbers Ann was. . . .

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

This challenge is to make up YOUR OWN alphanumeric. Each letter represents a digit and where the same letter appears more than once it must represent the same digit each time.