Resources tagged with: Pythagoras' theorem

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Broad Topics > Pythagoras and Trigonometry > Pythagoras' theorem


Age 7 to 14

Pythagoras of Samos was a Greek philosopher who lived from about 580 BC to about 500 BC. Find out about the important developments he made in mathematics, astronomy, and the theory of music.

The Old Goats

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

A rectangular field has two posts with a ring on top of each post. There are two quarrelsome goats and plenty of ropes which you can tie to their collars. How can you secure them so they can't. . . .


Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.

All Is Number

Age 7 to 14

Read all about Pythagoras' mathematical discoveries in this article written for students.

The Dangerous Ratio

Age 11 to 14

This article for pupils and teachers looks at a number that even the great mathematician, Pythagoras, found terrifying.

Tilted Squares

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

Liethagoras' Theorem

Age 7 to 14

Liethagoras, Pythagoras' cousin (!), was jealous of Pythagoras and came up with his own theorem. Read this article to find out why other mathematicians laughed at him.


Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Explain how the thirteen pieces making up the regular hexagon shown in the diagram can be re-assembled to form three smaller regular hexagons congruent to each other.

Squareo'scope Determines the Kind of Triangle

Age 11 to 14

A description of some experiments in which you can make discoveries about triangles.

Garden Shed

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Can you minimise the amount of wood needed to build the roof of my garden shed?

Square Pegs

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

Pythagorean Triples II

Age 11 to 16

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

Pythagorean Triples I

Age 11 to 16

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

Weighty Problem

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

The diagram shows a very heavy kitchen cabinet. It cannot be lifted but it can be pivoted around a corner. The task is to move it, without sliding, in a series of turns about the corners so that it. . . .

A Chordingly

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Find the area of the annulus in terms of the length of the chord which is tangent to the inner circle.


Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

ABCDEFGH is a 3 by 3 by 3 cube. Point P is 1/3 along AB (that is AP : PB = 1 : 2), point Q is 1/3 along GH and point R is 1/3 along ED. What is the area of the triangle PQR?

Babylon Numbers

Age 11 to 18 Challenge Level:

Can you make a hypothesis to explain these ancient numbers?

Cutting a Cube

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

A half-cube is cut into two pieces by a plane through the long diagonal and at right angles to it. Can you draw a net of these pieces? Are they identical?