This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down
all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur
most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .
In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe
the pattern? What would the next square look like?
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten.
Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What
number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to
dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for
explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the