Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

Charlie has moved between countries and the average income of both has increased. How can this be so?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?