Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Draw a square. A second square of the same size slides around the first always maintaining contact and keeping the same orientation. How far does the dot travel?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two intersecting mirror lines.

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.