This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.