Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Draw a square. A second square of the same size slides around the first always maintaining contact and keeping the same orientation. How far does the dot travel?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Take a look at the video of this trick. Can you perform it yourself? Why is this maths and not magic?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?